History of JetPacks
1919-2021
1919-1921
The first patent
The patent application was filed by Alexander Andreev in 1919.
The first jetpack patent in the world was granted in 1921.
(Patent №4818, in USSR patent database)
1928
The first sci-fi
Armageddon 2419 A.D. is a science fiction novella by Philip Francis Nowlan that first appeared in the August 1928 issue of the pulp magazine Amazing Stories.
1943-1947
Helicopter flying apparatus
1951
The first jet board
"On February 2, 1951, in a large building on Wallops Island, Zimmerman mounted the jet board, a plain plywood rectangle, and slipped his feet under straps. Two flexible air hoses made a T connection with a short nozzle of 1 1/4-inch diameter that poked down through the center. Men stood ready at valves some distance away. An overhead crane hoisted him on suspension lines attached to his parachute body harness until he hung a few feet above the floor.

Zimmerman signaled for the air to be turned on. A piercing scream issued from the nozzle beneath him, but he felt nothing, no lift, no sensation. Then he glanced up at the suspension lines. They were dangling slack!

He had risen and was now actually balancing on a jet thrust — and he hadn't been aware of it! For a full minute he stood there, in motionless wonder, then signaled and was let down.

It worked. It worked beyond the best anticipation of his theory. Balance control through the feet was so instinctive that it operated below the level of conscious thought. He went up and experienced it again. Paul Hill tried it. Testing further, they found that besides hovering perfectly by not thinking about it, you could control consciously, too–but here you tended to teeter your feet unnecessarily in a flurry of overcontrol. But you could travel without effort. Almost the wish alone caused imperceptible leaning and foot tilt, taking you to where you wanted to go, and stopping )'On when you reached there. Paul Hill became adept at sashaying around the 15-foot circle to which the dragging hoses limited him.

Outdoors on a windy day, flights were hardly affected by breeze or gusts. You compensated automatically by leaning a little to stay in one place."
(Source)
1952
The first rocket pack
During the late 1940s, Thomas T. Moore (no relationship to Wendell Moore), then assigned to the Von Braun rocket team at the Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama as a civilian radar expert, experimented with one of the first rocketpacks designed for individual flight.

Von Braun was working towards putting a man in a rocket; Thomas was working on the notion of a rocket-powered man. He called his device a Jetvest and flew it for the first time in 1952. For a moment, he was airborne, lifted into the air by pure rocketpower.

Though limited military funds would not encompass a completely finished model, Thomas proved that a man-rocket combination was feasible.
(Source)
Jan 21, 1953
RESEARCH MEMORANDUM
Preliminary Experimental Investigation of the Flight of a Person Supported by a Jet Thrust Device Attached to his Feet

By C. Hi Zimmerman, Paul R. Hill, and T. L. Kennedy

Langley Aeronautical Laboratory
1953-1955
Hiller VZ-1 Pawnee
A unique direct-lift rotor aircraft, using contra-rotating ducted fans for lift inside a platform upon which the single pilot shifted body weight for directional control. The platform was developed starting in 1953 under an Office of Naval Research (ONR) contract to Hiller Aircraft, and flew successfully beginning in 1955.
(Wikipedia)
1957
Jet vest
Thomas T. Moore and his "Jetvest" in 1957
1956-1958
Rucsac zburător
Justin Capră, a Romanian engineer and inventor, proposed this device to the Romanian Academy in 1956 and completed it in 1958.
1959
U.S. Army contract on Rocket Belt
In 1959 the U.S. Army contracted Aerojet General to conduct feasibility studies on a Rocket Belt and contracted Bell Aerosystems to develop a Small Rocket Lift Device (SRLD).
January 1, 1960
Aerojet Stability and Control Study of a Small Rocket Lift Device
Prepared for the U.S. Army Transportation Research & Engineering Command
(Amazon, archive.org )
Augest-october, 1960
SMALL ROCKET LIFT DEVICE. PHASE 1. DESIGN, FABRICATION, AND STATIC TESTING
by Defense Technical Information Center
(archive.org)
1960
Hovering Flight Investigation
Experiment is by Lysle P. Parlett. Shown here are two methods of controlling a man-carrying ducted fan vehicle of the flying platform type, a control stick and kinesthetic controls.
1961
Hovering Flight Investigation of Two Methods of Controlling a Man-carrying Ducted-fan Vehicle of the Flying-platform Type
Lysle P. Parlett
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1961
1961
Rocket Belt
by Bell Aerosystems
Feb 6, 1961
Letter from W. Moore
to T. Moore
October 12, 1961
Jetpack for John Kennedy
Jetpack pilot Harold Graham saluting President Kennedy after demonstrating Rocket Belt for him in North Carolina
On 12 October 1961, Jetpack|RocketBelt was demonstrated personally to President John F. Kennedy in the course of experimental maneuvers on the military base Fort Bragg. Graham took off from an amphibious LST, flew over a strip of water, and landed in front of the President.
1964
A Bell Rocket Belt demonstration at the Pan Pacific Auditorium
The Rocket Belt, running on hydrogen peroxide, had enough power to lift a person over 800 feet in the air at speeds of up to 60 mph if desired. (Photographer: Gordon Dean/LAPL)
April 30, 1965
Rocket belt at Bears Stadium Saturday
APR 30 1965, MAY 2 1965; Kolonel Ked, in real life, Gordon Yaeger of Williamsville, N.Y., demonstrated the Textron Bell Aerosystems Co. rocket belt at Bears Stadium Saturday. Here he gets ready for the flight. The rocket belt is powered by hydrogen peroxide mixture.; (Photo By Lowell Georgia/The Denver Post via Getty Images)
1967
Two Men Ride the Bell Pogo
Gordon Yaeger(r) flies the Bell Pogo, a two-man flying rocket transport developed by the Bell Aerosystems Company. William P. Burns is the passenger in front. Near Niagara Falls, July 4, 1967. | Location: near Buffalo, New York, USA. (Photo by © Hulton-Deutsch Collection/CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images)
1968
Light Mobility Systems Missions
by Defense Technical Information Center
(archive.org)
1968
Lunar one-man flying unit
July 24, 1984
XXIII Olympic Summer Games
Bill Suitor by means of the Bell Aerosystems rocket pack (also known as a Jet Pack) hovers over the stadium during the opening ceremony for the XXIII Olympic Games on 28 July 1984 at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in Los Angeles, California, United States. (Photo by Steve Powell/Getty Images)
to be continued
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